The word "mayor" comes from the comparative "major" of the Latin word "magnus" meaning "great".
The first English Mayor was the Mayor of London, appointed in 1189 by Richard I.
In the days past, the Office of Mayor had very considerable authority, and carried with it executive powers over the finances and affairs of the Corporation.
The Mayor carried out many of the duties later attached to the office of Town Clerk, and as well as presiding over the meetings of the Corporation, the Mayor also presided over the Bench of Magistrates as Chief Magistrate of the Borough Court.
In Sheffield, our beginnings as a Saxon settlement at the joining of the rivers Don and Sheaf, saw the siting of a Norman castle.
The community developed on the skill and fame of the blade-smiths leading to the establishment by Act of Parliament in 1624 of "the Company of Cutlers' in the County of Hallamshire".
Skill in the fashioning of precious metals led to the establishment of an Assay Office in 1773. As a result of the Municipal Act of 1835, and the Act in 1839 allowing the setting up of local police forces, Sheffield had its first Council formed following an Act of Incorporation on 31st August, 1843.
The Council comprised 56 members with William Jeffcock as the first Mayor of Sheffield.
Past Mayors of Sheffield.
In 1893 the style and title of "City" was given by Royal Charter. The building of the present Town Hall was started in 1891 and opened by Queen Victoria on 21st May 1897. By Royal "Grant of the Title" dated 12th July 1897, the title and dignity of Lord Mayor was conferred on the Chief Magistrate of the City who was in fact the Duke of Norfolk.
Past Lord Mayors of Sheffield.
The Lord Mayor's position has most recently been laid down by the Local Government Act 1972. This requires
On the 1st August 1974, following the 1972 Act, our Local Government was re-organised and Sheffield became a Metropolitan District and the Chairman of the Council was granted the use of the style Lord Mayor.
The following Lord Mayors are entitled to be called "The Right Honourable":
Other cities or boroughs who have been granted the dignity of a Lord Mayor are entitled to the term "The Right Worshipful":