Sheffield as a city takes its name from the River Sheaf, and was established in the 12th century, after Sheffield Castle was built and a small town grew up around it. Sheffield gained world-wide recognition during the 19th century for its steel production, including various innovations in the industry.

Sheffield is one of the UK's largest cities and part of a group of 10 local authorities that make up the Core Cities, and forms part of the Sheffield City Region, with 9 other areas. Nearly two thirds of the city’s area is made up of green space. This includes over 170 woodlands, 78 public parks and more trees per person than any other city in Europe. It is also the only local authority to contain a national park within its boundaries.

The State of Sheffield report provides a narrative of the state of the city:

  • how things are now
  • how things are changing
  • how Sheffield compares to other similar places

You can view and download the report for further information.

International twinning & friendship cities

Sheffield has a number of historic and ongoing international links that were established to grow our relations with cities around the world.

We have twinning and friendship agreements with cities such as:

  • Anshan, China
  • Bochum, Germany
  • Donetsk, Ukraine
  • Estelí, Nicaragua
  • Kawasaki, Japan
  • Pittsburgh, United States of America

We respect these and the Lord Mayor hosts a number of visits each year.